LUSU promotes health and sanitation programmes through awareness creation campaigns on major diseases including malaria, HIV/AIDS and other STIs, water borne diseases and other tropical diseases. LUSU believes that prevention is better that cure and thus focuses on prevention methods through raising awareness on causes of diseases across all population groups. LUSU also promotes nutrition, sanitation and hygiene in homes, schools, markets, prison and other public gatherings as preventive measures.

LUSU considers ensuring good environmental sanitation as a means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes. Hazards can either be physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes in this context that can cause health problems are human and animal feces, solid wastes, domestic wastewater (sewage, sullage, and grey-water), industrial wastes, and agricultural wastes that are circulated nearly everywhere in Uganda in particular and other developing countries in general. Hygienic means of prevention are and will be advocated especially using engineering solutions (e.g. sewerage and wastewater treatment), simple technologies (e.g. latrines, septic tanks), or even by personal hygiene practices (e.g. simple hand-washing with soap) that LUSU deems necessary depending on the resources in and shall be in place. However, the concept of health and sanitation is everybody’s concern and responsibility and a fundamental human right to live in a clean and healthy environment.

LUSU Department of Health and Sanitation will be much specific on the following areas:

  • Basic sanitation ensuring there is community management of human feces at the household level as way also to implement the target of the Millennium Development Goal on sanitation. This will always be achieved through persistent education and awareness campaigns on the costs and benefits of clean and healthy/dirty and unhealthy environment respectively and by staging competitions at house levels, announcing the best and the worst households with proper sanitation.
  • On-site sanitation which involves the collection and treatment of waste where it is deposited such as the use of pit latrines and septic tanks.
  • Food sanitation where this department educates and sensitizes the communities on hygienic measures for ensuring food safety right away from their homes, a t public gatherings, schools and institutions, among others.
  • Environmental sanitation especially equipping the public/communities/government related agencies/departments and ministries with knowledge, approaches and understanding on how to get in control of environmental factors that form links in disease transmission. Subsets of this category for example that LUSU is focusing on are solid waste management, water and wastewater treatment, industrial waste treatment and noise and pollution control.
  • Ecological sanitation as concept and an approach of LUSU towards enabling environmental recycling to nature the nutrients from human and animal wastes.